Updated: 4 hours 53 min ago
By studying how the human cytomegalovirus, or CMV, packages its genetic material during infection, an international collaboration of researchers has identified potential inroads for new therapies that could one day prevent birth defects and save transplant patients from virus-caused complications. UA researcher Felicia Goodrum is among the team investigating CMV, which infects most people at some point in their lives.
The UA Mineral Museum has received one of the world's most significant single donations of research minerals. The collection - which contains 8,000 samples, including 1,000 species the museum did not previously own - may help identify rocks on Mars.
Growing lush carpets of grass in the arid Southwest using effluent water is challenging. It’s an exacting science to pick the right type of grass, water it barely enough to keep it growing, then make certain that salts do not reach levels that burn or kill the turf. UA research shows how to keep athletic fields, golf courses and parks green – while using 20 percent less water.
Studying bacteria from the Baltic Sea, UA researchers have discovered an entire array of previously unknown viruses that use these bacteria as hosts. By impacting the life cycles of these bacteria, the viruses play indirect but crucial ecological roles in environments ranging from the oceans and sea ice to the human gut.
Funded through a $250,000 grant from the Arizona Public Service Foundation to enhance STEM education across the state, 50 teachers from elementary and middle schools across Arizona are spending part of their summer immersed as researchers at UA’s Biosphere 2, involved with activities and technologies they can directly apply in their classrooms.
UA researchers have developed a novel technique to affect mood through ultrasound vibrations applied to the brain. Their findings, published in the journal Brain Stimulation, could potentially lead to new treatments for psychological and psychiatric disorders.
A book by two UA scientists explains the story behind the scenery of the "sky islands," the unique mountain ranges dotting southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the sky islands’ natural history for a general audience.
For her groundbreaking work on developing treatments for snakebites and scorpion stings, UA physician-scientist Leslie Boyer has been named a Hero of Rare Diseases by the FDA. Boyer is the founding director of the VIPER (Venom Immunochemistry, Pharmacology and Emergency Response) Institute at the UA College of Medicine.
A study led by a UA ecologist has found that many species would have to evolve about 10,000 times faster to adapt to the rapid climate change expected in the next 100 years. The findings are based on an analysis of how quickly terrestrial vertebrates adapted to different climates in the past.
Experts in the UA’s department of atmospheric sciences are combining climate research, software development and applied meteorology to make weather forecast models more accurate and reliable, which may help improve the safety of firefighters.
University of Arizona researchers contributed to a new international study, which compiles the most comprehensive whole-genome sequencing of great ape populations to date. The study, published in Nature, provides new insights into human and great ape evolution over millions of years.
Dolores Hill, who developed the Target Asteroids! program to engage the public in the UA-led OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission, has been honored as a White House Champions of Change. For their work advancing citizen science, only 12 out of about 1,000 nominees were selected to receive this recognition during a ceremony at the White House.
NASA has issued an Asteroid Grand Challenge focused on finding all asteroid threats to human populations and ways to avert the threat of a devastating impact. The UA is at the forefront of discovering and tracking space rocks, engaging the global community of amateur astronomers in the effort and is poised to send a spacecraft to a potentially hazardous asteroid to bring a sample back to Earth.
Higher temperatures will be a key driver of future decreases in Colorado River flow, according to a new report from a team that includes UA scientists. Previous scientific studies indicate by about 2050, the Colorado River will shrink because of climate change. However, their estimates of how much range from 6 percent less water to 45 percent less water. To help water managers and policy makers understand why the wide range of estimates, a multidisciplinary team of scientists reviewed 16 scientific studies that project future Colorado River flows.
Funded as part of a nationwide initiative, the UA Association of American Universities STEM Project has been launched. The initiative provides expanded financial support for STEM education, which will enable the UA to, among other things, expand collaborations while offering new courses, teaching awards and professional development opportunities.
Life as we know it has certain properties that are consistent regardless whether you’re looking at a bacterial colony in a petri dish or a primate colony in South America. Rick Michod, UA professor and department head of ecology and evolutionary biology, has received $1.3 million from NASA to investigate what properties of biology define an individual organism.
Two UA scientists received the 2013 National Science Foundation Career Award, the agency's most prestigious honor for junior faculty members. Shirley Papuga and Jonathan Sprinkle won the awards, roughly $500,000 over five years, granted to scientists who demonstrate outstanding research, excellent education and have a particular skill at integrating both aspects.
Combining the resources and expertise of seven institutions in North America and Europe, a research program will offer new insights into the molecular workings of heart muscle cells and how genetic mutations affect their function. Henk Granzier, a UA professor of physiology, is one of two principal investigators leading the prestigious and highly competitive project.
This year marks the 90th anniversary of the UA's Steward Observatory and the department of astronomy. "We have the best location of any educational institution in America. The University ought to make itself famous with a telescope." With those words, part of his long and persistent effort to bring a world-class observatory to the UA campus, pioneering astronomer Andrew Ellicott Douglass set forth his best argument.
Mushrooms are the great decomposers of the Earth. What can these voracious fungi do with urban waste? That's what plant scientists at UA are studying. They're growing mushrooms on coffee grounds, landscape waste, even pizza boxes - and reducing that waste to compost. They're also producing delicious high-quality gourmet mushrooms that could be headed to market.